Publications

preprints/submitted/in press

Corneille, O., Mierop, A., Stahl, C., & Hütter, M. (in press). Evidence Suggestive of Uncontrollable Attitude Acquisition replicates in an Instruction-based Evaluative Conditioning Paradigm: Implications for Associative Attitude Formation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology.

Corneille, O., Mierop, A., Bena, J., & Stahl, C. (under review). Process Dissociation studies do not validly inform uncontrollable attitude formation.

Heycke, T., Aust, F., Banaji, M. R., Cone, J., Van Dessel, P., Ferguson, M., Hu, X., Jiang, E., Kurdi, B., Rydell, R., Spitzer, L., Stahl, C., Vitiello, C., & De Houwer, J. (2020). Of Two Minds: A registered replication. PsyArXiv doi:10.31234/osf.io/v674w

Kurdi, B., Hussey, I., Stahl, C., Hughes, S., Unkelbach, C., Ferguson, M., & Corneille, O. (2020). Unaware attitude formation in the surveillance task? Revisiting the findings of Moran et al. (2020). PsyArXiv doi:10.31234/osf.io/thmcn

Stahl, C., Aust, F., Mierop, A., Bena, J., & Corneille, O. (preprint). Moving beyond the Process-Dissociation procedure towards fine-grained memory and attitude measures in Evaluative Conditioning. doi:10.31234/osf.io/rtqnx

Stahl, C., Henze, L., & Aust, F. (preprint). False memory for perceptually similar but conceptually distinct line drawings. doi:10.17605/osf.io/ZR7M8

Stahl, C., & Klauer, K. C. (preprint). The effect of incongruency and cognitive load on short-term verbatim and gist memory in the Conjoint Recognition paradigm. doi:10.17605/osf.io/9YFT4

2016-2020

Aust, F., & Stahl, C. (2020). The enhancing effect of caffeine on mnemonic discrimination is at best small. Memory. doi:10.1080/09658211.2020.1781899

Alves, H., Högden, F., Gast, A., Aust, F., & Unkelbach, C. (2020). Attitudes from mere co-occurrences are guided by differentiation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 119(3), 560–581. doi:10.1037/pspa0000193

Bading, K., Stahl, C., & Rothermund, K. (2020). Why a standard IAT effect cannot provide evidence for association formation: The role of similarity construction. Cognition & Emotion, 34(1), 128-143. doi:10.1080/02699931.2019.1604322

Heycke, T., & Stahl, C. (2020). No evaluative conditioning effects with briefly presented stimuli. Psychological Research, 84(4), 1020-1027. doi:10.1007/s00426-018-1109-1

Högden, F., Stahl, C., & Unkelbach, C. (2020). Similarity-based and rule-based generalization in the acquisition of attitudes via evaluative conditioning. Cognition & Emotion, 34, 105-127. doi:10.1080/02699931.2019.1588709

Mierop, A., Mikolajczak, M., Stahl, C., Béna, J., Luminet, O., Lane, A., & Corneille, O. (2020). How can intranasal oxytocin research be trusted? A systematic review of the interactive effects of intranasal oxytocin on psychosocial outcomes. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 15(5), 1228-1242. doi:10.1177/1745691620921525

Moran, T., Hughes, S., Hussey, I., Vadillo, M. A., Olson, M. A., Aust, F., Bading, K., Balas, R., Benedict, T., Corneille, O., Douglas, S. B., Ferguson, M. J., Fritzlen, K. A., Gast, A., Gawronski, B., Giménez-Fernández, T., Hanusz, K., Heycke, T., Högden, F., Hütter, M., Kurdi, B., Mierop, A., Richter, J. Sarzyńska-Wawer, J., Smith, C.T., Stahl, C., Thomasius, P., Unkelbach, C., & De Houwer, J. (2020). Incidental Attitude Formation via the Surveillance Task: A Preregistered Replication of the Olson and Fazio (2001) Study. Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/0956797620968526

Stahl, C., & Bading, K. C. (2020). Evaluative conditioning of pattern-masked nonwords requires perceptual awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 46(5), 822-850. doi:10.1037/xlm0000757 [pdf]

Aust, F., Haaf, J., & Stahl, C. (2019). A memory-based judgment account of expectancy-liking dissociations in evaluative conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 45(3), 417-439. doi:10.1037/xlm0000600 Preprint.

Corneille, O. & Stahl, C. (2019). Associative Attitude Learning: A Closer Look at Evidence and how it Relates to Attitude Models. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 23(2), 161-189. doi:10.1177/1088868318763261 Preprint

Mierop, A., Hütter, M., Stahl, C, & Corneille, O. (2019). Does attitude acquisition in evaluative conditioning without explicit CS-US memory reflect implicit misattribution of affect? Cognition and Emotion, 33(2), 173-184. doi:10.1080/02699931.2018.1435505 [pdf]

Zuber, S., Ihle, A., Loaiza, V. M., Schnitzspahn, K. M., Stahl, C., Phillips, L. H., Kaller, C. P., & Kliegel, M. (2019). Explaining Age-Differences in Working Memory: The Role of Updating, Inhibition, and Shifting. Psychology & Neuroscience, 12(2), 191-208. doi:10.1037/pne0000151.

Barth, M., Stahl, C., & Haider, H. (2019). Assumptions of the process-dissociation procedure are violated in sequence learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 45(4), 641-676. doi:10.1037/xlm0000614 [pdf]

Heycke, T., Gehrmann, S., Haaf, J. M., & Stahl, C. (2018). Of two minds or one? A registered replication of Rydell et al. (2006). Cognition and Emotion, 32(8), 1708-1727. doi:10.1080/02699931.2018.1429389. PDF & Supplemental material

Heycke, T., & Stahl, C. (2018). No evaluative conditioning effects with briefly presented stimuli. Psychological Research. doi:10.1007/s00426-018-1109-1 [preprint & supplemental material]

Stahl, C., & Aust, F. (2018). Evaluative conditioning as memory-based judgment. Social Psychological Bulletin, 13(3), Article e28589. doi:10.5964/spb.v13i3.28589 [preprint]

Heycke, T., Aust, F., & Stahl, C. (2017). Subliminal influence on preferences? A test of evaluative conditioning for brief visual conditioned stimuli using auditory unconditioned stimuli. Royal Society Open Science, 4, 160935. doi:10.1098/rsos.160935. [pdf & supp].

Dittrich , K., & Stahl, C. (2017). Two dissociable patterns of interference in the Stroop Matching Task. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 79, 563-581. doi:10.3758/s13414-016-1253-x. [pdf & supp]

Koch, I., & Stahl, C. (2016). Lernen – Assoziationsbildung, Konditionierung und implizites Lernen. In J. Müsseler & M. Rieger (Hg.), Allgemeine Psychologie (3. Aufl). Heidelberg: Spektrum.

Stahl, C., & Heycke, T. (2016). Evaluative Conditioning with Simultaneous and Sequential Pairings Under Incidental and Intentional Learning Conditions. Social Cognition, 34(5), 382-412. doi:10.1521/soco.2016.34.5.382 [pdf & supp]

Stahl, C., Haaf, J., & Corneille, O. (2016). Subliminal evaluative conditioning? Above-chance CS identification may be necessary and insufficient for attitude learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 1107-1131. doi:10.1037/xge0000191 [pdf] [supp].

Fiedler, K., Elbert, T., Erdfelder, E., Freund, A. M., Kliegl, R. & Stahl, C. (2016). Empfehlungen der DGPs-Kommission „Qualität der psychologischen Forschung". Psychologische Rundschau, 67, 59-72. doi:10.1026/0033-3042/a000316.

2011-2015

Stahl, C., Barth, M., & Haider, H. (2015). Distorted estimates of implicit and explicit learning in applications of the process-dissociation procedure to the SRT task. Consciousness & Cognition, 37, 27-43. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2015.08.003 [pdf] [supp].

Dittrich, K., Kellen, D., & Stahl, C. (2014). Analyzing distributional properties of interference effects across modalities: Chances and challenges. Psychological Research, 78, 387-399. doi:10.1007/s00426-014-0551-y [pdf]

Köstering, L., Stahl, C., Leonhart, R., Weiller, C., & Kaller, C. P. (2014). Development of planning abilities in normal ageing: Differential effects of specific cognitive demands. Developmental Psychology, 50, 293-303. doi:10.1037/a0032467 [pdf]

Köstering, L., Leonhart, R., Stahl, C., Weiller, C., & Kaller, C. P. (2014). Planning Decrements in Healthy Aging: Mediation Effects of Fluid Reasoning and Working Memory Capacity. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences. doi:10.1093/geronb/gbu107

Stahl, C., Voss, A., Schmitz, F., Nuszbaum, M., Tüscher, O., Lieb, K., & Klauer, K. C.. (2014). Behavioral components of impulsivity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143, 850-886. doi:10.1037/a0033981 [pdf] [raw data (behavioral tasks)]

Schnitzspahn, K. M., Stahl, C., Zeintl, M., Kaller, C. P., & Kliegel, M. (2013). The role of shifting, updating, and inhibition in prospective memory performance in young and older adults. Developmental Psychology, 49, 1544-1553. doi:10.1037/a0030579 [pdf]

Sebastian, A., Pohl, M., Klöppel, S., Feige, B, Lange, T., Stahl, C. Voss, A., Klauer, K. C., Lieb, K., & Tüscher, O. (2013). Disentangling common and specific neural subprocesses of response inhibition. NeuroImage, 64, 601-615. [pdf]

Dittrich, K. & Stahl, C. (2012). Selective impairment of auditory selective attention under concurrent cognitive load. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38, 618-627. [pdf]

Hütter, M., Sweldens, S., Stahl, C., Unkelbach, C., & Klauer, K. C. (2012). Dissociating Contingency Awareness and Conditioned Attitudes: Evidence of Contingency-Unaware Evaluative Conditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141, 539-557. [pdf]

Jain, A. & Spieß, R. (2012). Versuchspläne der experimentellen Einzelfallforschung. Empirische Sonderpädagogik, 3/4, 211-245. [pdf]

Kaller, C. P., Unterrainer, J. M., & Stahl, C. (2012). Assessing Planning Ability with the Tower of London Task: Psychometric Properties of a Structurally Balanced Problem Set. Psychological Assessment, 24, 46-53. [pdf]

Köstering, L., McKinlay, A., Stahl, C., Kaller, C.P. (2012). Differential patterns of planning impairments in Parkinson’s disease and sub-clinical signs of dementia? A latent-class model-based approach. Public Library of Science (PLoS) One, 7, e38855. [pdf]

Moritz, S., Köther, U., Woodward, T.S., Veckenstedt, R., Dechene, A., & Stahl. C. (2012). Repetition is good? An Internet trial on the illusory truth effect in schizophrenia and nonclinical participants. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 43, 1058-1063. [pdf]

Nitschke, K., Ruh, N., Kappler, S., Stahl, C., Kaller, C. P. (2012). Dissociable stages of problem solving (I): Temporal characteristics revealed by eye-movement analyses. Brain and Cognition, 80, 160-169. [pdf]

Unkelbach, C., Stahl, C., & Förderer, S. (2012). Changing CS features alters evaluative responses in evaluative conditioning. Learning and Motivation, 43, 127-134. [pdf]

Dittrich, K. & Stahl, C. (2011). Non-concurrently presented auditory tones reduce distraction. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 73, 714-719. [pdf]

Unkelbach, C., Bayer, M., Alves, H., Koch, A. & Stahl, C. (2011). Fluency and positivity as possible causes of the truth effect. Consciousness & Cognition, 20, 594-602. [pdf]

2006-2010

Dechêne, A., Stahl, C., Hansen, J., & Wänke, M. (2010). The Truth About the Truth: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Truth Effect. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 238-257. [pdf]

Jacob, G.A., Gutz, L., Bader, K., Lieb, K., Tüscher, O., & Stahl, C. (2010). Impulsivity in Borderline Personality Disorder: Impairment in Self-Report Measures, but not Behavioral Inhibition. Psychopathology, 43,180-188. [pdf]

Dechêne, A., Stahl, C., Hansen, J., & Wänke, M. (2009). Mix me a list: Repeated presentation is not sufficient for the Truth effect and the Mere exposure effect. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 1117-1122. [pdf]

Stahl, C. & Klauer, K. C. (2009). Measuring phantom recollection in the simplified Conjoint Recognition paradigm. Journal of Memory and Language, 60, 180-193. [pdf]

Stahl, C., Unkelbach, C. (2009). Evaluative learning with single versus multiple USs: The role of contingency awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 35, 286-291. [pdf] [raw data & analysis scripts]

Stahl, C., Unkelbach, C., & Corneille, O. (2009). On the respective contributions of awareness of US valence and US identity in valence acquisition through evaluative conditioning. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 404-420. [pdf]

Unkelbach, C. & Stahl, C. (2009). A multinomial modeling approach to dissociate different components of the truth effect. Consciousness & Cognition, 18, 22-38. [pdf]

Stahl, C. & Klauer, K. C. (2008). A simplified Conjoint Recognition paradigm for the measurement of gist and verbatim memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 34, 570-586. [pdf] [Material: Categorized Words]

Stahl, C., Klauer, K. C., & Erdfelder, E. (2008). Matching bias is not eliminated by explicit negations. Thinking & Reasoning, 14, 281-303. [pdf] [Corrigendum] [supp]

Jain, A. (2007). Die umgekehrte alpha-Adjustierung. Ein Vorschlag zur Erhöhung der Teststärke bei mehrfachen Signifikanztests. Vortrag auf der 49. Tagung experimentell arbeitender Psychologen, 2007 in Trier.

Klauer, K. C., Stahl, C., & Erdfelder, E. (2007). The abstract selection task: New data and an almost comprehensive model. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 33, 680-703. [pdf]

Stahl, C. & Degner, J. (2007). Assessing automatic activation of valence: A multinomial model of EAST performance. Experimental Psychology, 54, 99-112. [pdf] [model files] [raw data & analysis scripts]

Stahl, C. & Klauer, K. C. (2007). HMMTree: A computer program for hierarchical multinomial processing tree models. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 267-273. [pdf]

Voss, A., Leonhart, R., & Stahl, C. (2007). How to make your own response boxes: A step-by-step guide for the construction of reliable and inexpensive parallel-port response pads from computer mice. Behavior Research Methods, 39, 797-801. [pdf]

Stahl, C. (2006). Multinomiale Verarbeitungsbaummodelle in der Sozialpsychologie [Multinomial processing tree models in social psychology]. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie, 37, 161-171. [pdf]

Stahl, C. (2006). Software for generating psychological experiments. Experimental Psychology, 53, 218-232. [pdf]

2001-2005

Hussy, W. & Jain, A. (2002). Experimentelle Hypothesenprüfung in der Psychologie. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

1996-2000

Jain, A. & Stephan, E. (2000). Streß im Streifendienst: Wie belastet sind Polizeibeamte? Berlin: Logos-Verlag.

Jain, A., Schmidt, T. F. H. , Johnston, D., Brabant, G. & von zur Mühlen, A. (1998). The relationship between heart rate and blood pressure reactivity in the laboratory and in the field: Evidence using continuous measures of blood pressure, heart rate and physical activity. Journal of Psychophysiology, 12, 362-375.

Jain, A., Weiß, R., Fricke, L., Köhn, M., Krohm, M-L., Steinhausen, A., Mutz, G. & Stephan, E. (1997). High quality ambulatory sleep monitoring. Journal of Psychophysiology, 12, 199.

Jain, A., Weiß, R., Fricke, L., Köhn, M., Krohm, M.-L., Steinhausen, A., Mutz, G. & Stephan, E. (1997). High quality ambulatory sleep monitoring with on-line supervision. In Penzel, T., Salmons, S. & Neuman, M. R. (Eds.), Biotelemetry XIV. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium on Biotelemetry (S. 197-201). Marburg: Tectum Verlag.

Weiß, R., Jain, A., Mutz, G. & Stephan, E. (1997). Monitoring of physiological key functions of free moving patients via mobile phones. In T. Penzel, S. Salmons & M. R.Neuman (Eds.), Biotelemetry XIV. Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Symposium on Biotelemetry (S. 161 – 166). Marburg: Tectum Verlag.

Jain, A., Martens, W. L. J., Mutz,G. Weiß, R. K. & Stephan, E. (1996). Towards a Comprehensive Technology for Recording and Analysis of Multiple Physiological Parameters within their Behavioral and Environmental Context. In J. Fahrenberg & M. Myrtek (Eds.), Ambulatory Assessment. Computer-assisted Psychological and Psychohysiological Methods in Monitoring and Field Studies (S. 215-235). Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. [pdf]

Schmidt T. & Jain, A. (1996): Continuous assessment of finger blood pressure and other haemodynamic and behavioral variables in everyday life. In J. Fahrenberg & M. Myrtek (Eds.), Ambulatory Assessment. Computer-assisted Psychological and Psychohysiological Methods in Monitoring and Field Studies (S. 189 – 213). Seattle: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. [pdf]

1992-1995

Jain, A. (1995). Kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität im Labor und im Feld: Eine komparative Studie zur Aussagekraft kardiovaskulärer Reaktivitätsparameter unter Feldbedingungen. Münster: Waxmann-Verlag.

Jain, A., Schmidt, T. & Johnston, D. (1995). Cardiovascular reactivity in the laboratory and in everyday life: The relevance of different reactivity parameters in the analysis of field data. Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 77.

Jain, A., Schmidt, T., Johnston, D., Mutz, G. & Stephan, E. (1995). Kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität im Labor und im Feld: Zur Aussagekraft unterschiedlicher Reaktivitätsmaße unter Alltagsbedingungen. Nieren- und Hochdruckkrankheiten, 24, 151-153. [pdf]

Jain, A., Schmidt, T., Johnston, D. & Mutz, G. (1994). Cardiovascular reactivity in the laboratory and in the field: Comparing different methods to assess reactivity in real life. Journal of Psychophysiology, 8, 44.

Jain, A., Schmidt, T., Johnston, D. & Mutz, G. (1994). Kardiovaskuläre Reaktivität im Labor und im Feld: Zur Aussagekraft unterschiedlicher Reaktivitätsmaße unter Alltagsbedingungen. Nieren- und Hochdruckkrankheiten, 23, 381.

Schmidt, T., Jain, A., Mutz, G. & Lüpsen, H. (1994). Parameter körperlicher Aktivität als Prädiktoren von Blutdruck- und Herzfrequenzveränderungen im Alltag. Nieren- und Hochdruckkrankheiten, 23, 390.

Jain, A., Stephan, E., Gediehn, P., Ottow, B., Petersen, K., Seck, S. & Mutz, G. (1993). Stress in policemen’s everyday routine: Correspondence of physiological parameters, subjective experience, situational demands and assessment of observers. Journal of Psychophysiology, 7, 156.

Mutz, G., Mucha, R. F., Jain, A. & Stephan, E. (1993). A simple and economical system for the measurement of sleep. Journal of Psychophysiology, 7, 73-74.

Schmidt, T., Jain, A., Mutz, G., Lüpsen, H. & Johnston, D. (1993). Effect of physical activity and body position on finger blood pressure and heart rate variability in everyday life. Journal of Psychophysiology, 8, 70.

Bente, G., Stephan, E., Jain, A. & Mutz, G. (1992). Fernsehen und Emotion. Neue Perspektiven der psychophysiologischen Wirkungsforschung. Medienpsychologie, 3, 186-204. [pdf]

Jain, A., Mutz, G. & Mucha, R. F. (1992). Emopad: A device to collect useful background data for psychophysiological recordings in the field. Journal of Psychophysiology, 6, 358.